Bunthorne was a satire of Oscar Wilde.
- Wed. 2nd
To say g.b. & leave cards at
Mrs. Blight's & Perkins, Bruens, Tweedy, Pomeroy, Ida & King, old
King, Cunningham, Derby, Calvert, Forsythe, Redmond, E. Potter
- 2nd W.
Left Newport by night boat.
- 3rd Th.
Arr. N.Y. about 7 or 8 A.M. Came to N.Y. Hotel.
Not out all day. Rain & fatigue. Saw no one but the crowd in dining
- 4th Fri.
To see the cousins Taylor & Schönberger.
Shop'g. Mr. & Mrs. J.C. Gray cd.
- 5th Sat.
Shopping. To see Mrs. Roberts & Endicotts. Papa, Mamma & I dined at
Mrs. J.C. Gray's, with Judge Barrett & went
to the Standrd after to see "Patience" Sullivan & Gilbert last
operetta, the success of the season.
"Bunthorne" played by Ryly
excellent. (Take off of the aesthetic craze_).
- 6th Sun.
To see the Rouths & Mrs. Baldy Smith.
Major General William F. "Baldy" Smith was a civil war commander with a reputation for
being something of a martinet.
- 7th Mon.
Mrs. Ch. Minot cd. Drove to Central Park
with Mrs. Roberts. dined with her, 2 Endicott sisters, a brother
Robert & Miss McAllister.
- 8th Tues.
Shop. in the morn. Shops close at noon, election
- 9th W.
- 10th Th.
Left N.Y. about 10AM. Arrvd Washington about 5.
Mama, Max & I to Mrs. Penn's Boarding House 1800 F. because the house
taken on Mass. Av. not finished.
- 11th Fri.
Ethel Robeson came in the mf & took Max off for
Mama & I lunched at Mrs Hopkins with Mrs. Craig Wadsworth (staying
there). Then to see the house Mass. Av., down town with Mr. Hopkins to
the gas fixtures, to Mme Outrey's, the Rob. McLanes. Mr. & Mrs.
Robeson & Outreys here.
is possibly the daughter of George Maxwell
(1829-1897), a lawyer, New Jersey official, and U.S.
Secretary of the Navy (1869-1877). He was a Republican congressman
from New Jersey (1879-83).
Max was Amy's younger sister, Helen
Maxima Heard (1868-1937),
who was Amalia West's age and was
also to be on
intimate terms with the West sisters.
She was known throughout
her life by the nickname "Max," but during her Korean stay in the
90's she signed herself more formally as "Helene."
During the 80's
The West sisters and Amy called Max
"Bébé" (French for Baby)
and she so signed her letters. Amalia often refered to herself
(or to Max)
as Amy's "Second Bébé."
Robert Milligan McLane (1815-1898) was in
the House of Representatives, was Governor of Maryland from
1883-1887, and later minister to France.
- Sat. 12th
To see Mrs. Robeson. Max there to stay. Mama & I
dined at the Outrey's. only Mr. Lowndes.
Mentioned frequently in the letters of Mrs. Henry Adams,
was a South Carolinian and
Confederate Army Colonel who settled in Washington following the war
to practice law. He was believed to be the model for the character
"Carrington" in Henry Adams' book Democracy .
was referred to by Mrs. Henry Adams as being a member
of the "team" consisting of the Miss Bayards
(Katherine and Mabel),
Miss (Emily) Beale,
and Henry James.
The Misses Bayard were the daughters of Thomas Francis Bayard
the Senator from Delaware (1869-1885)
and President Cleveland's Secretary of State from
1885-1889 and Ambassador to Great Britain from 1893 to 1897.
Katherine Bayard would later committ suicide following the announcement of the
departure of the Spanish Minister,
her reputed lover Juan Valera,
As shall be seen, Valera seems to have figured prominently in Amy's life
- Sun. 13th
To St. John's Ch. with Miss McLane (Jinny)- To
see Mme Outrey & stayed to din.
- Mon. 14th
Breakfast Jinny McLanes. In town with
Mama. Mrs. Philaino cd. ordered books for me.
- Tues. 15th
Mrs. Davenport cd. & Mrs. Andersen
Williamson. To the R. McLanes.
- Wed. 16th
Not out. Lieut. Davenport cd. & Minnie Stout.
- Th. 17th
Mrs. John Davis, Mrs. Hopkins, Mrs. Adams, cd.
Mrs. John Davis was one of the three daughters (Sallie)
of Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen
(1817-1885), a senator from New
Jersey (1866-1869) and Secretary of State as of 12 December 1881,
succeeding James G. Blaine,
of whom much will be said later.
John Davis served as assistant Secretary
of State. Mrs. Adams is Mrs. Henry Adams
probably the primary
chronicler of social and political Washington of the day and the wife
of the historian Henry Adams, the grandson of one President and the
great-grandson of another. Their house at 1607 H Street was one of
the social hubs of political and diplomatic Washington.
Born Marion Hooper, she was known as "Clover".
brilliant wit became increasingly clouded by depression until her
suicide in 1885 following the death of her father.
Her husband's memorial to her, sculpted by St. Gaudens,
is in Rock
Creek Cemetery near Washington.
- Fri 18th
To the house Mass. Av. Cd. with
Mme Outrey & Mama on Mrs. Don Cameron, Blaine, I to the McLanes_to
dine with Mrs. Davenport at Wormdays. (Cont Lippe & Mrs Bosh of the
Spanish Leg.) Aftern. with Mrs. D. and son to Miss Carisa Garewell
Concert. Not sympathetic, though fine voice.
Mrs. J. D. Cameron was the former
Elizabeth Sherman, a niece of General W. T. Sherman and Senator
J. Sherman. She married in 1878 James Donald Cameron
, the Senator from Pennsylvania during
1877-1897, Secretary of War 1876-1877
under Grant, and a widower of
twice her age. He was also Chairman of the Republican National
Committee during Hayes' campaign and term.
His father, Simon Cameron, was Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury
before being removed for flagrant corruption. He was referred to as
"Mr. Corruption" of the Republican Party and is famous for the
comment that "an honest politician is one when bought, stays
She was close to the Adams for many years and was
romantically linked to Henry following the death of Clover.
The story of this romance is told in Henry Adams in Love
James G. Blaine
was Secretary of State;
he would be replaced by Frederick T. Frelinghuysen
on 12 December.
He had represented Maine in congress for 20 years and was a principal power
in Republican party politics.
He had run for the Republican presidential nomination in 1876 and 1880 and
he would be the Republican presidential candidate in 1884
as the "plumed knight," but clouds
of suspicion regarding his honesty would contribute to his loss to the
Democrat reform candidate, Grover Cleveland. Theodore Roosevelt fought hard
against Blaine's nomination at the 1884 convention, but he reluctantly
supported Blaine after his nomination. Blaine refused the nomination in 1888
on the grounds that having lost once, he would not be the strongest candidate.
(If only Richard Nixon had thought along similar lines!) Benjamin Harrison,
the "little general," became the nominee and Blaine
regained his position as Secretary of State.
Soon thereafter he appointed Amy's father
Minister and Chief Consul to Korea.
The leading male character of Adams' Democracy,
Senator Silas P. Ratcliffe, was generally believed
to be patterned after James G. Blaine.
Clover Adams detested Blaine.
Mrs James G. Blaine's letters provide, after those of Mrs Adams, the most
informative source of Gilded Age Washington society.
Born Harriet Stanwood in 1828, she married Blaine in 1850.
She led an incredibly active and by in large happy life until 1893, when in
short succession she lost her two elder sons, her daughter, and her husband.
The remaining ten years of her life were unhappy to the extreme.
A short biography of Mrs Blaine may be found in Bradford's Wives.
Count Lippe is Count
Lippe-Weissenfeld, a counselor of the Austria-Hungary Legation.
- Sat. 19th
To choose gas fix. with Phillips.
To see Mrs. Phillips (Levy) & Mrs. Robeson. Papa came fr. N.Y.
- Sun. 20th
To St. John's with Mr. Davenport. To see Minnie
In her letter from Mrs. Henry Adams
to her father dated 20 November, Mrs. Adams mentions that
We are going to have a Thanksgiving dinner as well as you: Mrs. Augustine Heard
and a beautiful daughter;
the Lewenhaupts; Miss Beale; Count Lippe; and Kasson of Iowa, if he accepts.
Mr. Heard may be here, so I must keep his place open and get another man too.
Mrs. Heard is in a stuffy boarding-house, and looks as if
life were a demnition grind. They've taken a house here for the
winter. Tell Ellen, Mary de Connick, the little sister, was married
two weeks ago to a man named Johnson, of Baltimore, without announcing
it beforehand, Mrs. Heard says. I thought folks in boarding-houses and
stray diplomats might help in a national sacrifice, and Emily Beale is
to be all alone ...
Emily Beale was a constant companion of Elizabeth Cameron's.
Kasson is John Adam Kasson
(1822-1910) was returning to Congress
as a Republican from Iowa after
four years in Vienna as American Minister to Austria-Hungary.
He was a candidate in December for Speaker of the House,
but lost to Keifer of Ohio.
Mlle de Chambrun is
Thérèse de Chambrun,
the daughter of the Marquis de Chambrun,
the French counsel before the French and American Claims Commission.
Mme Mathilde de Nogueiras
was the daughter of the Portuguese minister of 1878-1888,
Visconde das Nogueiras.
- Mon. 21st
Papa, Mama & I by 10.30 train
to Baltimore to see old Mrs. McKion & dine with her at 5 O'clock.
Mrs. K. grandchildren & sister Miss Cordelia Hollins. To see old Mrs.
Chatard_Mrs. Grace_ the Lydia Howards. Greenmount to Grandmama's
- 22d Tues.
To 1777 Mass. Av. A.M. Mama & I
out with Mme Outrey in the P.M. to see wall papers. Call on Mrs. J.
Davis. Mlle de Chambrun, Mrs Davenport, Mrs. Adams, the R. Mclanes.
Count & Countess Lewenhaupt, Swedish Minister. Count & Countess de
Noqueiras, Portuguese min. called yesterday.
Mrs. Henry Adams writes
on 27 November 1881 to her father:
- 23rd W.
Rained all day & not out.
- 24th Th.
Thanksgiving Ch. Papa, Mama, &
I dined at Mrs Henry Adams with Count & Ctess Lewenhaupt, Miss Beal,
Ct Lippe & Capt. Dewey who took me in.
Our Thanksgiving dinner went off
gaily; it grew to ten and Herbert Wadsworth came in to dessert and
stayed till midnight to tell us about the South and cotton gins. Mr.
Heard came with his wife and daughter, Lewenhaupts, Lippe, Miss Beale,
and Captain Dewey, all Dinnerless folks.
Captain Dewey is the future
Admiral Dewey, the hero of the battle of Manila in the
In her letter of 11 December she further writes
By the way, Mrs. Heard was much interested to see Miss Beale on Thanksgiving
Day, having heard of her in Newport as the authoress of Democracy
collusion with Herbert Wadsworth, whom she accused of it after Miss Beale
gone. He looked very conscious and embarrased and when we told Emily Beale she
only gasped. So her fury of last year may have been a blind.
The Washington political novel Democracy
with its characters based on on
leading figures of the time (including James G. Blaine)
was attributed to many authors. The book had in fact
been written by Henry Adams.
- 28th Mon.
Down town with Mama._ with Min. St.
to dress-maker Jackson _to see Mrs. Dr. P. Riske. Mrs. Adams with
Mama._ Mrs. Blaine, Miss Knight, Miss Mixtur cd.
- Tues. 29th
Mama in town with Mrs
Hopkins & back to lunch with her. Miss Beal, Mrs & Miss Pattison, cd.
To Miss Knight's. Mr. Davenport & Babcock came in after din.
- Wed. 30th
To the house & Mrs. Hopkins.
Robert M. Gray, September 23, 2005