Applied Physics / Physics Colloquium

Applied Physics/Physics Colloquium presents Imaging at the genomic-scale: from 3D organization of the genome to cell atlas of the brain

Topic: 
Imaging at the genomic-scale: from 3D organization of the genome to cell atlas of the brain
Abstract / Description: 

Inside a cell, thousands of different genes function collectively to give rise to cellular behavior. Understanding the emergent behaviors of cells requires imaging at the genomic scale, which promises to transform our understanding in many areas of biology, such as regulation of gene expression, development of cell fate, and organization of distinct cell types in complex tissues. We developed a genomic-scale imaging method, MERFISH, which allows simultaneous imaging of hundreds to thousands of genes in individual cells and facilitates the delineation of gene regulatory networks, the mapping of molecular distribution inside cells, and the mapping of distinct cell types in complex tissues. We have also extended this approach to image numerous genomic loci and trace the 3D structure of chromosomes in single cells. I will describe the technology development of MERFISH and its applications, focusing on generating the cell atlas of complex tissues and mapping the 3D organization of the genome. 

Date and Time: 
Tuesday, April 30, 2019 - 4:30pm
Venue: 
Hewlett 201

Applied Physics/Physics Colloquium presents Matter made of Light: Mott Insulators and Topological Fields

Topic: 
Matter made of Light: Mott Insulators and Topological Fields
Abstract / Description: 

In this talk I will describe our ongoing effort at the University of Chicago to explore exotic models of condensed matter using materials made of light. Starting with a quick discussion of "light as matter," I will then explain how we imbue photons with the essential attributes of a material particle: mass, charge, and interactions. Along the way, I will introduce the two "flavors" of photons that we employ for our photonic matter: optical photons trapped in Fabry-Perot cavities, and microwave photons trapped in superconducting resonators or transmon qubits. Finally, I will describe the first two materials that have emerged from our interacting photons: a Mott insulator of microwave photons and a topological fluid of optical photons. More broadly, building materials from light impacts both (a) the kinds of matter that can be assembled, and (b) the assembly process itself, providing a new window on the physics of correlated quantum matter.

Date and Time: 
Tuesday, April 23, 2019 - 4:30pm
Venue: 
Hewlett 201

Applied Physics/Physics Colloquium presents Computational Microscopy for phase retrieval, super-resolution and 3D imaging

Topic: 
Computational Microscopy for phase retrieval, super-resolution and 3D imaging
Abstract / Description: 

Computational imaging involves the joint design of imaging system hardware and software, optimizing across the entire pipeline from acquisition to reconstruction. Computers can replace bulky and expensive optics by solving computational inverse problems. This talk will describe new microscopes that use computational imaging to enable 3D, super-resolution and phase imaging with simple and inexpensive hardware. Our reconstruction algorithms are based on large-scale nonlinear non-convex optimization. Applications span optical bioimaging, X-ray lithography and atomic-resolution electron microscopy.

Date and Time: 
Tuesday, April 16, 2019 - 4:30pm
Venue: 
Hewlett 201

Applied Physics/Physics Colloquium presents Black Holes, Holography, and Entanglement

Topic: 
Black Holes, Holography, and Entanglement
Abstract / Description: 

Black holes have been instrumental in paving the way toward a quantum theory of gravity. Their elegant mathematical formulation has revealed that black holes behave as thermodynamic objects, which subsequently motivated the holographic principle. Its concrete realization, the gauge/gravity duality, offers a framework for elucidating the fundamental nature of spacetime, once we understand the map between the two sides of the duality sufficiently well. Research over the last decade has offered tantalizing hints that quantum entanglement plays a foundational role, ushering in more mysteries. This talk will give a broad-brush perspective on these themes and motivate considering a time-dependent context in order to gain further insight.

Date and Time: 
Tuesday, April 9, 2019 - 4:30pm
Venue: 
Hewlett 201

The Shoucheng Zhang Memorial Workshop

Topic: 
The Shoucheng Zhang Memorial Workshop
Abstract / Description: 

Our friend, Professor Shoucheng Zhang, passed away on December 1, 2018. This was a great loss for the entire physics community.

To honor Shoucheng and to celebrate his remarkable science and life, a Memorial Workshop from May 2-4, 2019 is being held.

Shoucheng has influenced many of us deeply with his great enthusiasm and unique talent for discovering the beauty and simplicity in physics. We feel that the best way to remember him is to dedicate to him a lively workshop with exciting lectures and a lot of fruitful discussion.

Date and Time: 
Thursday, May 2, 2019 - 8:30am to Saturday, May 4, 2019 - 5:00pm
Venue: 
Bechtel Conference Center, Encina Hall

Applied Physics/Physics Colloquium presents Quantum Diamond Sensors

Topic: 
Quantum Diamond Sensors
Abstract / Description: 

In recent years, optically probed nitrogen–vacancy (NV) quantum defects in diamond have become a leading modality for magnetic, electrical, and temperature sensing at short length scales (nanometers to millimeters) under ambient conditions. This technology has wide-ranging application across the physical and life sciences — from NMR spectroscopy at the scale of individual cells to improved biomedical diagnostics to the search for dark matter. I will provide an overview of quantum diamond sensors and their diverse applications.

Date and Time: 
Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 4:15pm
Venue: 
Hewlett 201

AP483 Optics & Electronics Seminar presents Critical Fabulations: Reworking the Methods and Margins of Design

Topic: 
Critical Fabulations: Reworking the Methods and Margins of Design
Abstract / Description: 

AP 483 & AMO Seminar Series
Time:
4:15 pm, every Monday (Refreshments begin at 4 pm)


Speaker Daniela Rosner
Assistant Professor, Department of Human Centered Design & Engineering, University of Washington
Critical Fabulations: Reworking the Methods and Margins of Design

Date and Time: 
Monday, March 11, 2019 - 4:15pm
Venue: 
Spilker 232

AP483 Optics & Electronics Seminar presents Seeing is Believing: The Role of Materials in Painting Life

Topic: 
Seeing is Believing: The Role of Materials in Painting Life
Abstract / Description: 

AP 483 & AMO Seminar Series
Time:
4:15 pm, every Monday (Refreshments begin at 4 pm)


Speaker Barbara Berrie
Head of Scientific Research Department, National Gallery of Art
Seeing is Believing: The Role of Materials in Painting Life

Date and Time: 
Monday, February 25, 2019 - 4:15pm
Venue: 
Spilker 232

AP483 Optics & Electronics Seminar presents Precision Chemical Sensing: Using techniques from Quantum Optics to reach part-per-trillion sensitivity in the field

Topic: 
Precision Chemical Sensing: Using techniques from Quantum Optics to reach part-per-trillion sensitivity in the field
Abstract / Description: 

AP 483 & AMO Seminar Series
Time:
4:15 pm, every Monday (Refreshments begin at 4 pm)


Speaker Tony Miller
CEO, Entanglement Technologies
Precision Chemical Sensing: Using techniques from Quantum Optics to reach part-per-trillion sensitivity in the field

Date and Time: 
Monday, February 11, 2019 - 4:15pm
Venue: 
Spilker 232

AP483 Optics & Electronics Seminar presents Internal models and the neural control of prey interception

Topic: 
Internal models and the neural control of prey interception
Abstract / Description: 

AP 483 & AMO Seminar Series
Time:
4:15 pm, every Monday (Refreshments begin at 4 pm)


Speaker Matthew Norcia
NRC Postdoctoral Fellow, JILA, University of Colorado at Boulder
Superradiance, enhanced cooling, and microscopic control with narrow-li

 

Date and Time: 
Monday, February 4, 2019 - 4:15pm
Venue: 
Spilker 232

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