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SystemX presents "Can we fix the brain like we fix electronic circuits?"

Topic: 
Can we fix the brain like we fix electronic circuits?
Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 4:30pm
Venue: 
Zoom ID: 99705722129; +passcode
Speaker: 
Prof Jin Hyung Lee (Stanford)
Abstract / Description: 

Neurological and psychiatric disorders are dramatically increasing in prevalence due to aging population and social isolation. However, to date, there is no cure for any of the brain disorders. The goal of brain disorder treatments is to restore the brain's function. Therefore, a key challenge is to quantify the brain function underlying behavior. Once the brain function algorithms underlying behaviors of interest can be quantitatively defined, minimizing the normal and diseased brain function difference can be defined as the objective function for the brain disorder treatment. The variables then can be optimized to minimize the objective function. In order to quantify the brain function algorithms underlying behavior, cell type specific whole brain function measurements are necessary. We utilize optogenetics combined with fMRI (ofMRI) to enable such measurements. Through computational modeling of ofMRI data, the functional interactions among different regions of the brain was then quantified. In combination with electrophysiological measurements, we further model brain function at a cellular level. In order to further understand the circuit, pathology relationship, we also utilize brain clearing methods to longitudinally quantify and model pathology. Through these efforts, we aim to enable systematic design of therapeutic interventions necessary for the treatment of brain disorders.

Bio:

Jin Hyung Lee, PhD is an Associate Professor of Neurology and Neurological Sciences, Bioengineering, Neurosurgery, and Electrical Engineering (Courtesy) at Stanford University. Dr. Lee received her Bachelor's degree from Seoul National University and Masters and Doctoral degree from Stanford University, all in Electrical Engineering. She is a recipient of the 2008 NIH/NIBIB K99/R00 Pathway to Independence Award, 2010 NIH Director's New Innovator Award, 2010 Okawa Foundation Research Grant Award, 2011 NSF CAREER Award, 2012 Alfred P. Sloan Research Fellowship, 2012 Epilepsy Therapy Project award, 2013 Alzheimer's Association New Investigator Award, 2014 IEEE EMBS BRAIN young investigator award, 2017 NIH/NIMH BRAIN grant award, and 2018 Lina 50+ Award Grand Prize, and 2019 NIH Director's Pioneer Award. As an Electrical Engineer by training with Neuroscience research interest, her goal is to analyze, debug, and engineer the brain circuit through innovative technology.