||195. D. S. Kim, J. Shah, D. A. B. Miller, T. C. Damen, A.
Vinattieri, W. Schäfer, and L. N. Pfeiffer, "Femtosecond pulse distortion in GaAs
quantum wells and its effect on pump-probe or four-wave-mixing experiments", Phys.
Rev. B 50, 18240-18249 (1994)
We show that a low-intensity femtosecond pulse is
severely distorted while propagating through a relatively thin (~6300 Angstrom) GaAs
multiple-quantum-well sample near the exciton resonance at low temperatures. This pulse
distortion depends critically on the dephasing time T2, the total thickness, l, detuning,
and inhomogeneous broadening. In thinner, high-quality samples (l < 3000 Angstrom,
exciton linewidth < 1 meV), the distortion is smaller and free-induction-decay-like. An
interferometric measurement reveals the existence of well-defined nodes at which the
envelope function changes its sign, demonstrating that the source of the pulse distortion
is the reradiation of the induced dipoles. While the effects of this pulse distortion on
pump-probe or four-wave-mixing experiments are relatively small for samples with l <
3000 Angstroms, samples with l > 6000 Angstroms are strongly affected.
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