||D. A. B. Miller, "Novel Optical
Modulators and Bistable Devices Using the Self-Electro-Optic Effect in Semiconductor
Quantum Wells," Surface Science 174, 221-232 (1986).
electroabsorption seen in quantum well structures near the optical band edge (the
quantum-confined Stark effect (QCSE)) is discussed. Its applications to optical modulators
and self-electro-optic effect devices (SEEDs) are described. The SEEDs, which rely on
simultaneous optical modulation (through the QCSE) and optical detection in the same
structure, offer a new class of low-energy optoelectronic devices